Priority has been given to efficiency as the past organization. As a result, each division of research, development, design, manufacturing, sales, etc. had done it professionally. As mentioned in future ideas , better ideas are likely to occur spontaneously in future organizations Environment and organization creation has become widespread. As a comparison of the future organization, I would like to start talking about the matrix organization that emphasizes efficiency and the cross functionalist team corresponding to specific problems.
What is a matrix organization?
Ordinary organizations are organized on a single basis, such as by business or by function. The organization that was organized on a single basis has different characteristics because each management is different, and cooperation in common part is difficult to obtain. As a result, loss of management resources occurred.
On the other hand, the matrix organization is an organization organized by combining two standards. In order to comprehensively manage these standards, the common parts are grouped together so as to reduce the loss of management resources. The origin of the name is because the organization can be seen as a matrix (matrix) by arranging the two standards on the vertical axis and the horizontal axis respectively. However, unlike organizations that were organized under a single standard, it is characterized by two instruction standard command lines (two or more instruction instruction lines can be created).
Benefits : Matrix organizations can reduce disadvantages of organizations organized with only one criterion, eliminate wasteful duplication of functions and effectively utilize management resources.
Disadvantage : Adjustment becomes complicated by having multiple bosses for one employee.
Organized to make management resources more efficient and efficient
Cross functional team
I explained the matrix organization. I would like to explain the cross functionalist teams that have similar features before moving on to an explanation of organizations where better ideas as future organizational ideas are likely to occur spontaneously. This is one way organizations deal with specific issues.
What is a cross functional team?
A cross functional team is a group that gathers various (functional, business) organizations and people in specialized fields (hereinafter referred to as experts). It will be a group to cooperate in an efficient way to improve organization and solve problems. It often functions as an autonomous team that responds to specific tasks and issues that require a lot of department thoughts and expertise. However, unless the degree of comprehension of information is the same for each expert, it will be impossible to approach the standpoint.
Especially labor is required to understand and understand that the field is different. Also, because it is an organization for solving specific problems, it is common to do other cross-functional teams or the operations of the original department in parallel. Therefore, it is necessary to be able to communicate with multitasking such as tasks other than the original department and work on another organization.
Other similar problem solving other than that
The idea of problem solving tends to be born when carrying out a specific problem
Disadvantage : Leadership to lead agreement on different opinions is important. All members have to make information the same level of understanding. Members need to communicate with multitasking.
Organized for specific problem resolution
I explained the matrix organization and the cross functional team in the above. Since these are characteristic organizational forms, it is greatly useful if you organize the organization as necessary. However, in future organizations, there is a tendency to create an environment and organization where better ideas are likely to occur naturally. It is thought that it is necessary to have an organizational form to make maximum use of collective intelligence. It is said that the organization form that can do it is a collaboration organization.
What is a collaboration organization?
Collaboration organization is slightly different from cross-functional team explained earlier, cross-functional team temporarily gathers people in specialized field, collaboration organization shared knowledge, problems, information, collective intelligence is more organized It will be an organization that can demonstrate it as a whole.
Therefore, the human resources of the collaboration organization is a group of people who share knowledge and information throughout the organization not only in other industries within the company (by function, by business) but also beyond the corporate wall It can be said. It is also the same for organizations that created the environment to make it naturally occur.
Benefits : The collective intelligence can be fully demonstrated and the idea leading to innovation is easy to be born.
Disadvantage : If there is no autonomy of each member belonging to the organization, it leads to negligence. If it does not become an idea leading to innovation it will be difficult to recover management resources.
An organization that can fully demonstrate collective intelligence. We need team building beyond organizational framework
How to create a collaboration organization
As an environment for collaboration organization, the following contents are listed. Unlike matrix organizations and cross functional teams, we emphasize the creation of the environment rather than organizational forms. This is to raise the “autonomy of the members” of the fundamental idea of the collaboration organization.
Collaboration organization example
Competitive development design collaboration organization: Samsung Electronics example
It is divided into element development and development department and mass production design department. Four teams (around 30 teams per team) will develop element development and product development for one product development. Through the design review of the product, the one with the best team among them is selected. The selected team shifts to the mass production design division to coordinate with the mass production of products and sales and sales, and the team not selected will shift to element development / product development for another product. Furthermore, after finishing mass production of the product mass-production design team, we will shift to element development / product development.
As a result, only teams who have developed product development will be able to move toward mass production and sales, which will lead to competition and maintain motivation to make better ones. As many of us face similar problems in product development at the same time, we try to make problem sharing happen naturally.
Although these methods are expensive to develop, organizations that maintain motivation by competitive relationships and each team can naturally grasp the problem contents of each division / product
There are many other companies that make space for creative exchange. I would like to explain by postscript when I have time.
The way you look for an organization needs to change in what direction you want to bring that organization.
Although it is possible to do to some extent without doing organizational reform, it is unstable depending on individual motivation etc. After all it seems necessary to think about organization reform (people, environment, situation).